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CIA World Factbook https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html,

  • Official Name: Arab Republic of Egypt
  • Government Type: Republic
  • Capital: Cairo
  • Other Major Cities/Regions: Alexandria, Aswan, Port Said, Suez, Ismalia
  • Size: 1,001,450 sq km
  • Climate: desert; hot, dry summers with moderae winters
  • Terrain: Vast desert plateau interrupted by Nile valley and delta
  • Population: 80,335,036
  • Ethnic Groups: Egyption 98%, Berber, Nubian, Bedouin, and Beja 1%, Greek, Armenian, and other European 1%
  • Religion: Muslim (mostly Sunni) 90%, Coptic 9%, Other Christian 1%
  • Language: Arabic (official), English and French widely understood by educated class